COVID-19 Vaccine: Frequently Asked Questions

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 WHAT IS THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is an unapproved vaccine that may prevent COVID-19. There is no FDA-approved vaccine to prevent COVID-19. 

The FDA has authorized the emergency use of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine to prevent  COVID-19 in individuals 18 years of age and older under an Emergency Use Authorization  (EUA). 

For more information on EUA, see the “What is an Emergency Use Authorization (EUA)?”  section at the end of this Fact Sheet.

WHAT SHOULD YOU MENTION TO YOUR VACCINATION PROVIDER BEFORE  YOU GET THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

Tell your vaccination provider about all of your medical conditions, including if you: 

  • have any allergies 
  • have a fever 
  • have a bleeding disorder or are on a blood thinner 
  • are immunocompromised or are on a medicine that affects your immune system 
  • are pregnant or plan to become pregnant 
  • are breastfeeding 
  • have received another COVID-19 vaccine 

WHO SHOULD GET THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

FDA has authorized the emergency use of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine in individuals 18  years of age and older. 

WHO SHOULD NOT GET THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

You should not get the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine if you: 

  • had a severe allergic reaction after a previous dose of this vaccine 
  • had a severe allergic reaction to any ingredient of this vaccine  

Persons with a current or prior history of SARS-CoV-2 infection

Data from clinical trials indicate that mRNA COVID-19 vaccines are safe in persons with evidence of a prior SARS-CoV-2 infection. Vaccination should be offered to persons regardless of history of prior symptomatic or asymptomatic SARS-CoV-2 infection. Viral testing to assess for acute SARS-CoV-2 infection or serologic testing to assess for prior infection solely for the purposes of vaccine decision-making is not recommended. (CDC)

WHAT ARE THE INGREDIENTS IN THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE?

 The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine contains the following ingredients: messenger ribonucleic acid  (mRNA), lipids (SM-102, polyethylene glycol [PEG] 2000 dimyristoyl glycerol [DMG],  cholesterol, and 1,2-distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphocholine [DSPC]), tromethamine,  tromethamine hydrochloride, acetic acid, sodium acetate, and sucrose. 

HOW IS THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE GIVEN? 

The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine will be given to you as an injection into the muscle. The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine vaccination series is 2 doses given 1 month apart. 

If you receive one dose of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine, you should receive a second dose of the same vaccine 1 month later to complete the vaccination series. 

HAS THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE BEEN USED BEFORE? 

The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is an unapproved vaccine. In clinical trials, approximately  15,400 individuals 18 years of age and older have received at least 1 dose of the Moderna  COVID-19 Vaccine. 

WHAT ARE THE BENEFITS OF THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

In an ongoing clinical trial, the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine has been shown to prevent  COVID-19 following 2 doses given 1 month apart. The duration of protection against COVID-19  is currently unknown.

WHAT ARE THE RISKS OF THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

Side effects that have been reported with the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine include: 

  • Injection site reactions: pain, tenderness and swelling of the lymph nodes in the same arm  of the injection, swelling (hardness), and redness 
  • General side effects: fatigue, headache, muscle pain, joint pain, chills, nausea and vomiting, and fever 

There is a remote chance that the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine could cause a severe allergic reaction. A severe allergic reaction would usually occur within a few minutes to one hour after getting a dose of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. For this reason, your vaccination provider may ask you to stay at the place where you received your vaccine for monitoring after vaccination. Signs of a severe allergic reaction can include:  

  • Difficulty breathing  
  • Swelling of your face and throat  
  • A fast heartbeat  
  • A bad rash all over your body  
  • Dizziness and weakness  

These may not be all the possible side effects of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. Serious and unexpected side effects may occur. The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is still being studied in clinical trials. 

WHAT SHOULD I DO ABOUT SIDE EFFECTS?  

If you experience a severe allergic reaction, call 9-1-1, or go to the nearest hospital.  

Call the vaccination provider or your healthcare provider if you have any side effects that bother you or do not go away. 

Report vaccine side effects to FDA/CDC Vaccine Adverse Event Reporting System  (VAERS). The VAERS toll-free number is 1-800-822-7967 or report online to  https://vaers.hhs.gov/reportevent.html. Please include “Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine EUA” in the first line of box #18 of the report form.  

In addition, you can report side effects to ModernaTX, Inc. at 1-866-MODERNA (1-866-663- 3762). 

You may also be given an option to enroll in v-safe. V-safe is a new voluntary smartphone-based tool that uses text messaging and web surveys to check in with people who have been vaccinated to identify potential side effects after COVID-19 vaccination. V-safe asks questions that help  CDC monitor the safety of COVID-19 vaccines. V-safe also provides second-dose reminders if needed and live telephone follow-up by CDC if participants report a significant health impact following COVID-19 vaccination. For more information on how to sign up, visit:  www.cdc.gov/vsafe.

WHAT IF I DECIDE NOT TO GET THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

It is your choice to receive or not receive the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. Should you decide  not to receive it, it will not change your standard medical care. 

ARE OTHER CHOICES AVAILABLE FOR PREVENTING COVID-19 BESIDES  MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE? 

Currently, there is no FDA-approved alternative vaccine available for prevention of COVID-19.  Other vaccines to prevent COVID-19 may be available under Emergency Use Authorization. 

CAN I RECEIVE THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE WITH OTHER VACCINES? 

There is no information on the use of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine with other vaccines. 

WHAT IF I AM PREGNANT OR BREASTFEEDING? 

If you are pregnant or breastfeeding, discuss your options with your healthcare provider.  

WILL THE MODERNA COVID-19 VACCINE GIVE ME COVID-19? 

No. The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine does not contain SARS-CoV-2 and cannot give you  COVID-19. 

KEEP YOUR VACCINATION CARD 

When you receive your first dose, you will get a vaccination card to show you when to return for  your second dose of the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine. Remember to bring your card when you  return. 

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION 

If you have questions, visit the website or call the telephone number provided below. To access the most recent Fact Sheets, please scan the QR code provided below. 

Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine website 

Telephone number

www.modernatx.com/covid19vaccine-eua 

1-866-MODERNA 

(1-866-663-3762)

HOW CAN I LEARN MORE? 

  • Ask the vaccination provider 
  • Visit CDC at https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/index.html 
  • Visit FDA at https://www.fda.gov/emergency-preparedness-and-response/mcm-legal regulatory-and-policy-framework/emergency-use-authorization 
  • Contact your state or local public health department

WHERE WILL MY VACCINATION INFORMATION BE RECORDED?  

The vaccination provider may include your vaccination information in your state/local jurisdiction’s Immunization Information System (IIS) or other designated system. This will ensure that you receive the same vaccine when you return for the second dose. For more information about IISs, visit: https://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/programs/iis/about.html.  

WHAT ARE THE COUNTERMEASURES INJURY COMPENSATION PROGRAM? 

The Countermeasures Injury Compensation Program (CICP) is a federal program that may help pay for costs of medical care and other specific expenses of certain people who have been seriously injured by certain medicines or vaccines, including this vaccine. Generally, a claim must be submitted to the CICP within one (1) year from the date of receiving the vaccine. To learn more about this program, visit www.hrsa.gov/cicp/ or call 1-855-266-2427.  

WHAT IS AN EMERGENCY USE AUTHORIZATION (EUA)? 

The United States FDA has made the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine available under an emergency access mechanism called an EUA. The EUA is supported by a Secretary of Health and Human Services (HHS) declaration that circumstances exist to justify the emergency use of drugs and biological products during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine has not undergone the same type of review as an FDA approved or cleared product. FDA may issue an EUA when certain criteria are met, which includes that there are no adequate, approved, and available alternatives. In addition, the FDA  decision is based on the totality of the scientific evidence available showing that the product may be effective to prevent COVID-19 during the COVID-19 pandemic and that the known and potential benefits of the product outweigh the known and potential risks of the product. All of these criteria must be met to allow for the product to be used during the COVID-19 pandemic. 

The EUA for the Moderna COVID-19 Vaccine is in effect for the duration of the COVID-19  EUA declaration justifying emergency use of these products, unless terminated or revoked (after  which the products may no longer be used). 

©2020 ModernaTX, Inc. All rights reserved. 

Patent(s): www.modernatx.com/patents

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