The term heart disease refers to several types of diseases related to an unhealthy heart. Some are congenital (people are born with heart problems), but a majority of heart diseases develop over the course of time and affect people later in life, many that can be prevented.
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) remains the leading cause of death in the United States, responsible for 840,768 deaths (635,260 cardiac) in 2016. From 2006 to 2016, the US death rate from CVD decreased by 18.6% and from coronary heart disease by 31.8%.
What is the difference between them?
Coronary heart disease is the most common type of ischemic heart disease and it occurs when the arteries of the heart cannot deliver enough oxygen-rich blood to the heart.
Is caused by the buildup of plaque (a waxy substance usually caused by a diet high in fat, cigarette smoking, diabetes or hypertension), inside the coronary arteries. This buildup can partially or totally block blood flow in the large arteries of the heart and brain.
Because many people have no symptoms, they do not know they have ischemic heart disease until they experience complications such as a heart attack, sudden cardiac arrest or stroke.
It is a condition caused by the heart’s inability to pump enough blood to meet the requirements of oxygen for the rest of the body.
The left or right side of the heart might be affected. Coronary artery disease or high blood pressure can, over time, leave the heart too stiff or weak to fill and pump properly.
See a doctor if you notice any of these symptoms:
-Swelling in feet, ankles, and legs, called “edema”.
-Fluid build-up in the lungs, called “pulmonary congestion”.
A stroke happens when a blood vessel that feeds the brain gets blocked or bursts. Then that part of the brain can’t work and neither can the part of the body controls. Major risk factors for stroke include:
F.A.S.T. is an easy way to remember how to recognize a stroke and what to do. Spot a stroke FAST.
Face drooping. Arm weakness. Speech difficulty. Time to call 9-1-1.
High blood pressure also known as hypertension, is when the blood pressure, the force of blood flowing through the vessels, is constantly too high. Nearly half of American adults have high blood pressure. Most of the time, it does not have an identifiable cause but there are some well-known risk factors.
Heart disease shows with a different array of symptoms and sometimes it might look like lungs or gastrointestinal problems. It is important to identify the symptoms that suggest a heart problem.
About 47% of sudden cardiac deaths occur outside a hospital, suggesting that many people with heart disease ignore the early warning signs. For many people, chest pain is the first sign. Other heart disease symptoms include:
There are risk factors for heart disease that can increase the probability of having heart disease:
Heart disease can be prevented by making healthy decisions and having good health control.
A stroke can change a life in a second. Early recovery and rehabilitation can improve functions and sometimes remarkable recoveries for someone who suffered a stroke. The most important part is to prevent a second stroke. Each stroke has its unique risk of factors, therefore is important to know the underlying causes of the first one. Some factors –including sex, age, race – are unchangeable but some lifestyles choices can be managed.
Making lifestyle choices have an impact on having a healthier life.
At MD Medical Group we care about your cardiovascular health
It is important to get routine medical care and to take all medicines regularly, as your doctor prescribes. Do not change the amount of your medicine or skip a dose unless your doctor tells you to. Talk to your doctor about how often you should schedule office visits and blood tests.
We have the following laboratories that will help us to know more about your cardiovascular health
Complete Blood Count (CBC)
Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
Body Mass Index
To better understand your personalized risk for heart disease or to discuss your symptoms, request an appointment in any of our clinics.
If you have already been diagnosed with ischemic heart disease, it is important that you continue your treatment plan. Get regular follow-up care to control your condition and prevent complications.